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Sunday, 5 July 2015

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans, Part I: Sun (순/荀)

Xun Yu's real name is Keifa (桂花) in Japanese or Gye-hwa (Hangul: 계화) based on Korean Revised Romanization and Sino-Korean Language. 
For those who don't know about Koihime Musou Girls, click this link.
A Korean Name consists of a family name followed by a given name, as used by the Korean people in both North Korea and South Korea. In the Korean language, ireum or seong-myeong usually refers to the family name (seong) and given name (ireum in a narrow sense) together. Then, the family names are subdivided into bon-gwan (clans), i.e. extended families which originate in the lineage system used in previous historical periods. Each clan is identified by a specific place, and traces its origin to a common patrilineal ancestor. 

Because of the many changes in Korean romanization practices over the years, modern Koreans, when using European languages, romanize their names in various ways, most often approximating the pronunciation in English orthography. Some keep the original order of names, while others reverse the names to match the usual Western pattern. In this column, we will reveal the Korean Clans or Surnames together with Koihime Musou Girls who are related to Korean Surnames. For the first thesis of this column, we are getting know with one of the unusual Korean Clans, the Sun Clan.

Sun (순/荀) sometimes romanized Soon is an uncommon Korean Surname which means 'Ancient State,' similar to Chinese Xun. Some sources found that the Iljik Son Clan (일직 손씨/一直孫氏), a lineage which is originated from Iljik-myeon, Andong City, Northern Gyeongsang Province is related to Sun Clan. The progenitor of Iljik Son Clan, Son Eung (손응/孫凝) was previously used the surname of Sun.

Based on the 2000 Korean Republic Census - provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT), there are 1,017 people in 308 families who bear the surname of Sun. Hence, this clan is placed at 174th place in Korean Surnames List. There are four designated clans (본관/本貫) for this clan which are YeonGok Soon (연곡 순씨/連谷荀氏; YeonGok-myeon, Gangneung City, Gangwon Province), Changwon Soon (창원 순씨/昌原荀氏; Changwon, Southern Gyeongsang), Imcheon Soon (임천 순씨/林川荀氏; Imcheon-myeon, Buyeo, Southern Chungcheong) and Hongsan Soon (홍산 순씨/鴻山荀氏; Hongsan-myeon, Buyeo, Southern Chungcheong)

The Hongsan Lineage is the largest among four, where this lineage consists of 842 people in 252 families. Hongsan Lineage was founded by Soon Kyung-jin (순경진/荀慶震) a Goryeo Scholar during the reign of King Mokjong Wang Song (980-1009), 7th Monarch of Goryeo Dynasty. Soon Han-yang (순한양/荀漢良), a Joseonese Minister under the reign of King Sejo (1417-1468) designated his hometown, Hongsan-myeon in Buyeo County, Southern Chungcheong Province as the designated clan for Soon Family after his retirement.