The Pai Chai Institute (Hangul/Hanja: 배재학당/培材學堂) is Korea's first western style modern educational institution and was established in 1885 by the American missionary Henry G. Appenzeller. The Pai Chai east hall was built in 1916 with modern architecture and has a deep history. In 2008, it was reborn as the Appenzeller Notable Memorial Museum (배재학당역사박물관). Located at 19 Seosomun Avenue 11th Street/Seosomunno 11-gil, Jeongdong 34-5 beonji, Seoul Jung-gu, it is equipped with study resources, a permanent exhibition hall, a planning room, a hands-on classroom, a seminar room, and other facilities which affirm its modern appearance.
The Pai Chai Institute is Korea's first Western style modern educational institution and was established by North United Methodist missionary Henry Gerhart Appenzeller (1858-1902). In 1886, Emperor Gojong-Gwangmu (1852-1919) named it the 'Pai Chai Institute' because 'Pai Chai' means “cultivate talented people”.
Some notable alumni of the Pai Chai Institute who have made a big impact on Korean modern history include the Repulic of Korea's first president Syngman Rhee (1875-1965), Korean scholar Ju Si-gyeong (1876-1914), and poet Kim So-wol (1902-1934). The Pai Chai Institute has also strengthened the reputation of their athletics. The Pai Chai Institute has since cultivated talented individuals through the Pai Chai Middle School, Pai Chai High School, and Pai Chai University.
On the second floor exhibition hall, there are family relics on display of Henry Dodge Appenzeller (1889-1953) who became principal by succeeding the founder Henry Gerhart Appenzeller, his father. There are also relics of the family of William Arthur Noble (1866-1945) who became a teacher. Korea's oldest performance piano on record is also exhibited.
On the first and second floor of the museum, there are special exhibitions that are held at the temporary exhibition hall about Pai Chai's history. In 2009, for the first anniversary, a special exhibition on “Pilgrim's Progress” (first English novel to be translated into Korean). In 2010, there was an exhibition called “The Graduation Album: 125 years of Pai Chai History”, and in 2011 there was an exhibition called “5 buildings with Historical Layers”.
The museum is accessible by using KORAIL-Seoul Metro Line 1 and Seoul Metro Line 2 to Seoul City Hall Station (Station 132/201) or SMRT Line 5 to Station 532: Seodaemun Station.