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Thursday, 14 August 2014

Silla Superiority Complex, Part XVI: Royal Tomb of King Jima-Isageum, Gyeongju, Northern Gyeongsang


King Jima of Silla (died 134, Reigned: 112–134) was the sixth ruler of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He is commonly called Jima-Isageum (Hanja: 祗摩泥師今) or Jimi-Isageum (지미이사금/祇味泥師今), where the word 'isageum' being the royal title in early Silla. As a descendant of Silla's founder - King Hyeokgeose-Geoseogan, his surname was Park. King Jima-Isageum was the eldest son of the previous king, King Pasa-Isageum and Lady Saseong. He married Lady Aerye of the Kim clan.

Relations with Baekje, another of the Three Kingdoms, were peaceful during his reign, with the continuation of a truce established by Jima's predecessor King Pasa-Isageum. When the Malgal attacked from the north in 125, King Jima-Isageum requested aid from Baekje, and Giru sent an army to successfully repel the invaders. Relations with neighboring Gaya confederacy were also peaceful, after Jima's unsuccessful invasion attempts across the Nakdong River in 115 and 116. In 123, he established relations with the Japanese kingdom of Wa.

King Jima-Isageum died without a male heir to the throne and buried at Baedong san 30-beonji, Gyeongju, Northern Gyeongsang; near to the Poseokjeong Pavilion. After his demise, he is succeeded by King Ilseong-Isageum (not to be confused with Kim Il-sung, Eternal President of DPRK) of the Royal House of Gyeongju Park, a distant relative which descended from King Yuri-Isageum, the third King of Silla.

The Royal Tomb of King Jima-Isageum is a relatively big-sized circle in shape which is located at the slope of Mount Namsan, especially at the high place of deep angle of inclination but has no its own peculiar creativity. The location, size and shape of this inform people of the fact that this was not piled up in the early of the Silla Dynasty. At the present time, a small stoned structure like a stone tablet was placed lately in front of the tomb.