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Wednesday, 23 April 2014

Hwangji Pond, Taebaek, Gangwon Province: The Main Source of Nakdong River

Hwangji Pond (Hanja: 黃池蓮못) is a source of the Nakdong/Rakdong River (525km), the longest river in South Korea (The longest river in Korea is Amrok River in North Korea - 790km). The pond is an important joint of underground water flow through the valleys of Mount Taebaek, Mount Hambaek, Mount Baekbyeong and Mount Maebong, the mountains surrounding the city of Taebaek, Gangwon Province

There are three sections of the pond: Sangji (high pond), 100m in diameter, Jungji (middle pond), 50m in diameter and Haji (low pond), 30m in diameter. Although it is small in size, the pond supplies 5,000 tons of water a day that flows to the open Yeongnam Plains. 

Being located at the center of Taebaek City and Taebaek Mountains a.k.a Taebaek Sanmaek (Specific Location: Hwangji-dong 623-beonji), Hwangji Pond is a popular destination for the citizens of Taebaek for cultural and recreational purposes. The night view of the pond is also beautiful, which makes it a perfect place for a couple’s night out. The water is very clean and lenoks can be found here, which only live in high quality water.

The Nakdong River flows from the Taebaek Mountains to the South Sea or Korean Strait, that separates Korea from Japan. The river originates from the junction of the Cheoramcheon and Hwangjicheon streams in Dongjeom-dong, Taebaek City, Gangwon Province. From there to its mouth it winds for about 506 kilometres (314 mi). The width of the river ranges from only a few metres in its upper reaches, to several hundred metres towards its estuary.

Major tributaries include the Yeong, Geumho, and Nam rivers. Together with its tributaries, the Nakdong drains most of North Gyeongsang and South Gyeongsang provinces, along with small portions of North Jeolla, South Jeolla, and Gangwon. The total watershed is 23,384 square kilometres (9,029 sq mi).