The Catholic Archdiocese of Gwangju Metropole (Hangul/Hanja/Latin: 천주교 광주대교구/天主敎光州大敎區/Archidioecesis Kvangiuensis) is a particular church of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church, one of the three Metropolitan sees of the Catholic Church in Korea. It was first created in 1937 as an Apostolic Vicariate to be administered by a Monsignor, and was raised to the Archdiocese in 1962. The first Korean was appointed to the see in 1954. The Archdiocese covers Gwangju Metropole and entire Southern Jeolla Province.
The Principal Cathedral for the Catholic Archdiocese of Gwangju Metropole is Imdong Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Hanja: 林洞聖堂); which is located at 23 Taebong Avenue/Taebongno, Imdong 5-11 beonji, Gwangju Buk-gu.
In July 2009, Auxiliary Bishop Hyginus Kim Hee-joong was named Coadjutor Archbishop by Pope Benedict XVI to succeed Archbishop Andrew Choi Chang-moo when Archbishop Choi resigns or dies. Archbishop Choi's resignation was accepted by Pope Benedict XVI on Thursday, March 25, 2010. He is succeeded immediately as Archbishop of Kwangju by Coadjutor Archbishop Joong.